Periodontal (Gum) Disease
Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. There are numerous disease entities requiring different treatment approaches. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Daily brushing and flossing will prevent most periodontal conditions.
Why is oral hygiene so important?
Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum diseases, (periodontal disease) than from cavities. Three out of four adults are affected at some time in their life. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is by performing good tooth brushing and flossing techniques, performed every day.
Periodontal disease and decay are both caused by bacterial plaque. Plaque is a colorless film, which sticks to your teeth at the gum line. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth. By thorough daily brushing and flossing you can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease.
Factors That Hurt Your Gums
- Clenching and grinding teeth
- Some medications
- Poor nutrition
Periodontal diseases are accelerated by a number of different factors; however, its main cause is the bacteria found in dental plaque, a sticky colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. If not carefully removed by daily brushing and flossing, plaque hardens into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (or tartar).
Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins, or poisons, that irritate the gums, cause your gums to turn red, swell and bleed easily. The early warning sign here: gingivitis. If this irritation is prolonged, your gums separate from your teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds your teeth in place, deteriorates. Left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.
Preventing Gum Disease
The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing, as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent harmful progression.
Your Gums Deserve Outstanding Care
Dentist Dr. Funderburk can treat periodontal disease to improve your oral health. Contact us for more information.